PEARL HARBOR ATTACK: DECEMBER 7, 1941 – A DATE WHICH WILL LIVE IN INFAMY:
The United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.” Thus spoke President Franklin D. Roosevelt following the attack on Pearl Harbor by over 350 Japanese aircraft. Five American battleships and three destroyers were sunk, 400 planes were destroyed and over 4000 were killed or wounded.
Today, on the 69th Anniversary of Pearl Harbor attack, it is time to recount the facts.
In the United States, we admire the Japanese culture. Therefore, for many is hard to believe that the Japanese committed atrocities and shared the same expansionist ambitions as the leftist/fascist dictators Hitler and Mussolini. (Yes, leftists, communists and fascists share the same ideologies: collectivism (reject individual freedom), big government, authoritarianism, Darwinism, suppression, censorship, indoctrination, etc.)
Academia, Hollywood and the media love to vilify the United States by constantly talking about the U.S. expansions, the so-called Japanese internment camps and other perceived injustices. The Left’s revision of history consists of hiding the facts and the context of many historical events. One of those is the atrocities committed by the Japanese during their Imperial expansion.
JAPANESE ATTACKS & IMPERIALISM
Pearl Harbor was not the first attack perpetrated by the Japanese. Japan was one of the major countries part of the Axis Powers (along with Germany and Italy). The Axis Powers had already been very active pursuing their global territorial expansion before World War II. They dominated large parts of Europe, Africa, East and Southeast Asia and the Pacific Ocean.
|The Japanese raid killed 2,400 U.S. soldiers and civilians, and wounded another 1,200 Americans, sank/damaged 21 vessels of the Pacific Fleet and about 75% of the planes.
They torpedoed and sank the unarmed U.S. army-chartered steam schooner SS Cynthia Olson: 33 members of the crew and 2 army passengers were killed
Pearl Harbor Victims | USS Arizona Victims
The Japanese attacks continued:
– 12/11/1941: sank the freighter SS Lahaina: 4 crewmembers were killed
– 12/17/1941: sank the merchant marine ship SS Manini: 2 sailors killed
– 12/18/1941: sank the merchant marine ship SS Prusa: 9 crewmen killed and a radio operator.
The Japanese forces also attacked the SS Samoa (15 miles from California)
– During the week of 12/19/1941: attacked the lumber schooner SS Barbara Olson,
oil tankers LP St. Clair, SS Agwiworld, SS H.M. Storey, SS Larry Doheny
(within 20 miles of the California and Oregon coastlines)
– 12/20/1941: attacked the oil tanker SS Emidio: killed 4 crewmen
– 12/23/1941: sank the oil tanker SS Montebello
– 12/24/1941: fired at the steamship SS Dorothy Philips
– 12/25/1941: torpedoed lumber carrier SS Absaroka
– 12/27/1941: chased the oil tanker SS Connecticut (near the Columbia River)
JAPANESE MILITARY EXPANSION CONTINUES:
December 1941 – more Japanese attacks in the Pacific:
– 12/7/1941: Hong Kong, Philippines, Thailand (in Singora and Patani), Malaya (in Kota Bahru)
– 12/10/1941: American island of Guam, British islands of Tarawa and Makin, and sank both British
battleships HMS Prince of Wales of the Malay Peninsula and the HMS Repulse off the Malay Peninsula.
– 12/23/1941: Wake Island surrendered to Japanese forces
– 12/25/1941: Hong Kong surrendered
Early 1942 – Japan continues its attack close to California, Oregon, and in the Pacific:
– fired at the Ellwood oil fields off the coast of Goleta, California
– shelled the Goleta oil fields, sink a freighter in the North Pacific, sink the previously targeted
Larry Doheny and H.M. Storey and launch seaplanes that would drop incendiary firebombs
over southwest Oregon forests.
– occupied Manila
– occupied New Guinea
– attacked British, Dutch, and American squadrons (Battle of Java Sea)
– attacked Dutch East Indies
– attacked Singapore
|– 650 American died
– 5,000 to 10,000 Filipino died
– 400 men of the Filipino 91st Division were massacred
– during the march, many POWs were bayoneted, beaten or tortured where they fell
– some prisoners who possessed Japanese yen were beheaded
– water and food was not given to prisoners for days while keeping them continually
marching in the tropical heat
– when they were allowed to drink, it was from rice paddies full of dung
– no bathrooms were provided
– malaria and dysentery ravaged the prisoners
– Japanese soldiers defecated and urinated next to the wounded in field hospitals
– some Americans were forced to dig a trench to bury alive sick Filipinos
– when the prisoners were finally placed in crammed, hot railroad cars the men racked by dysentery relieved themselves on other prisoners
– immediately killed anyone who fell down, was unable to continue or protested
Puerto Princesa Prison Camp in the Philippines (December 1944)
– the Japanese burned 150 American prisoners alive when they saw American Liberator bombers coming to the rescue
-Japanese beheaded several soldiers on the Nitta Mary
-98 American contractors were lined up on the beach and machine-gunned and bayoneted
-the Japanese extermination plan: poisonous smoke, poisons, drowning, decapitation…total annihilation without a trace
The Japanese used the “white flag” trick:
– a wounded Japanese soldier stabbed to death a surgeon trying to save his life
– a drowning Japanese sailor shot his American rescuer
– Japanese surrendered in pairs, the first concealing the second, who had a grenade
The Japanese detested other Asians. Their racism was obvious even before Pearl Harbor:
– In 1923, Japanese mobs tortured and killed 6,000 Koreans in Japan, because they thought the Koreans helped cause that year’s earthquake.
– Japanese militarists in Asia killed more Asian than Americans ever did: 15 million to 35 million Chinese alone
– Japanese in China during the war adopted the “three all” policy of “kill all, burn all, destroy all”
JAPANESE FANATICAL “HONOR DEATH”
Japanese soldiers were asked to engage in gyokusai (glorious self-annihilation) and sacrifice themselves without a thought for their Emperor:
– As early as 1908: commanders who surrendered their units were executed
– In Saipan, 1944: Japanese military told the civilians that Americans would rape and torture them. So, when Americans took Saipan in the summer of 1944, the civilians threw their children and themselves to their deaths at Marpi Point cliffs. Those who hesitated were shot by Japanese snipers. The Americans tried unsuccessfully to stop the mass suicide. The U.S. Navy rescued many from the sea who had survived the fall.
– At Okinawa, 1945: Kamikaze pilots (like human-guided missiles) plunged themselves into more than 250 ships, killing 7,000 Americans, sinking 30 ships and inflicting severe damage on 11 U.S. carriers.
SPIES FOR THE JAPANESE EMPIRE
Even before Japan started its militaristic expansion, many Japanese became involved in espionage, sabotage, or fifth columnist (clandestine) activities.
In Southeast Asia espionage activity started prior the Japanese military attacks:
– Philippines: It was well known the massive Japanese espionage activity in the country prior to the war. Japanese businesses were near every important bridge, electrical plant, and public utility, American military bases and communications stations. Japanese owners of huts near Camp Murphy in Manila had enough dynamite to blow up the city. A brewery had concealed a radio station that guided in Japanese warplanes. Even the Japanese consul and his staff informed Tokyo of warship movements, airport constructions, size of Philippine armed forces, number of American troops and aircraft.
– Dutch East Indies: Japanese fishermen took notes and pictures for the Japanese Empire.
– In Macassar: Japanese residents posed as guides and interpreters in order to spy.
– In Malaya: spies reported on military strengths, troop dispositions, landing sites. Spying was done by Japanese editors, diplomats, plantation owners, mining firms.
– In Hong Kong: local Japanese responded to the call to spy for the Emperor: barbers, bar staff, etc. There was a legion of spooks reporting from Hong Kong.
In the United States:
The tradition of doho (unbending loyalty to the Emperor regardless of residence or citizenship) was followed by many.
Americans are still trying to find a balance between personal freedoms and national security.
The Left loves to equate the so-called Japanese internment camps with Hitler’s gassing camps. However, they fail to mention the facts and historical context.
– Imperial Japan demonstrated for decades that they believed that the end justified their means. They did not care about human rights and treaties. They only cared about their expansionist conquests.
– Many Japanese responded to the call of loyalty to the Japanese Empire and participated in espionage and subversive activities. It was hard to determine who was or wasn’t participating with the Empire.
– Democrat U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt decided to relocate West Coast Japanese, Europeans and others as a security measure in case Japan decided to invade mainland United States. On 3/18/1942, Roosevelt created the War Relocation Authority (WRA) to oversee the relocation program.
– The relocation camps were never intended to be “internment” camps.
– There was a real threat from a potential fifth column or spy network.
– Western state governors could not provide proper security for the Japanese, or from saboteurs among them.
– Canada issued similar orders for Japanese living in British Columbia.
– U.S. and Canada were concerned about the Japanese invasions of the West Coast and the role of the fifth column.
Did you know?
Of the people interned during the war, there were not only Japanese, but also Germans, Italians, Hungarians, Romanians, Bulgarians, etc.
– Stanley L. Falk, Bataan: The March of Death (New York: W.W. Norton, 1962), 122-23.
– John Wukovits, Pacific Alamo: The Battle for Wake Island (New York: New American Library, 2003), 242.
– Lord Russell, The Knights of Bushido: A Short History of Japanese War Crimes (London: Greenhill Books, 2002), 233-37, 253.
– Irish Chang, The Rape of Nanking (New York: Penguin, 1998). Bergamini, Japan’s Imperial Conspiracy, passim.
– Larry Schweikart, America’s Victories: Why the U.S. Wins Wars and Will Win the War on Terror (New York, NY: Penguin Group, 2006).
– Michelle Malkin, In Defense of Internment: The Case for ‘Racial Profiling’ in World War II and the War on Terror (Washington, D.C.: Regnery, 2004).
– Carlos Romulo, I Saw the Fall of the Philippines (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran, 1943), 34.
– Tony Matthews, Shadows Dancing: Japanese Espionage Against the West, 1939-1945 (NY: St. Martin’s Press, 1993), 28.
– Burl Burlingame, Advance Force – Pearl Harbor (Annapolis, MD: United States Naval Institute, 2002), 175-177, 293-303, 328-330.
– Ladislas Farago, The Broken Seal: The Story of “Operation Magic” and the Pearl Harbor Disaster (NY: Random House, 1962), 93.
– The California State Military Museum
– National Museum of the US Air Force
– Naval History
– U.S. Navy
– National Archives, here
– Library of Congress
– Dept. of Defense
– National Park Service: Pacific War
– Japanese attack map in Pearl Harbor
– Pearl Harbor Memorial – USS Arizona Memorial
– Arizona Memorial Museum Association (AMMA)
– Photos: Pearl Harbor from space: here, here, here
– Photos: Arizona Memorial Museum Association (AMMA)
– Videos: USS Panay: Cameraman Norman Alley talks about filming the Japanese attack on the USS Panay on December 12, 1937, original newsreel