FactReal

QUICK FACTS: Politics, News, Economy, Religion, History…for busy people!

Archive for the ‘Religion’ Category

Thanksgiving from Pilgrims’ Writings (Primary Sources)

Posted by FactReal on November 22, 2018

PILGRIMS’ WRITINGS SHOW THEY WERE GIVING THANKS TO GOD
Read the story of Thanksgiving from the primary sources – the Pilgrims.

* Pilgrim, Captain and Governor William Bradford wrote the manuscript ‘Of Plymoth Plantation’ [Of Plymouth Plantation]
Digitized page via State Library of Massachusetts:

Online version via Gordon College:


Modern translation:

“After this, on the 18th September, they sent out their shallop to Massachusetts with ten men, and Squanto as their guide and interpreter, to explore the bay and trade with the natives, which they accomplished, and were kindly received. The Indians were much afraid of the Tarantines, a tribe to the eastward, who used to come at harvest time and take away their corn, and many times kill some of them. They returned in safety, and brought home a good quantity of beaver, and reported on the place, wishing they could have settled there. (But it seems that the Lord, Who assigns to all men the bounds of their habitations, had appointed it for another use. And thus, they found the Lord to be with them in all their ways, and to bless their outgoings & incomings, for which let his holy name have the praise for ever, to all posterity.

They began now to gather in the small harvest they had, and to fit up their houses and dwellings against winter, being all well recovered in health and strength and had all things in good plenty. For as some were thus employed in affairs abroad, others were exercised in fishing, about cod and bass and other fish, of which they took good store, of which every family had their portion. All the summer there was no want; and now began to come in store of fowl, as winter approached, of which this place did abound when they came first (but afterward decreased by degrees). And besides waterfowl there was great store of wild turkeys, of which they took many, besides venison, etc. Besides, they had about a peck of meal a week to a person, or now since harvest, Indian corn to that proportion. Which made many afterwards write so largely of their plenty here to their friends in England, which were not feigned but true reports.”

*Pilgrim & Governor Edward Winslow wrote ‘Mourt’s Relation’ (Governor of the Pilgrims several times)
e-book: Mourt’s Relation or Journal of the Plantation at Plymouth (PDF)

Modern translation:
our harvest being gotten in, our governor sent four men on fowling, that so we might after a special manner rejoice together, after we had gathered the fruits of our labors; they four in one day killed as much fowl, as with a little help beside, served the Company almost a week, at which time amongst other Recreations, we exercised our Arms, many of the Indians coming amongst us, and amongst the rest their greatest king Massasoit, with some ninety men, whom for three days we entertained and feasted, and they went out and killed five Deer, which they brought to the Plantation and bestowed on our Governor, and upon the Captain and others. And although it be not always so plentiful, as it was at this time with us, yet by the goodness of God, we are so far from want, that we often wish you partakers of our plenty.

The journal Mourt’s Relation was:
– Written primarily by Pilgrims and Mayflower passengers: Edward Winslow, William Bradford.
– Written between November 1620 and November 1621.
– Describes the landing of the Pilgrims at Cape Cod, their exploring and eventual settling at Plymouth, their building of the Colony, their relations with the surrounding Indians, including the First Thanksgiving.
– Originally printed in 1622 under the tile A Relation or Journal of the English Plantation settled at Plymouth, is the first published account of the coming of the Pilgrims to the New World to settle Plymouth Plantation.

* From the Life and Time of William Brewster, ruling Elder of the Pilgrims who founded New Plymouth, the parent colony of New England, in 1620.

PILGRIMS DECLARE THEIR FIRST PUBLIC THANKSGIVING FESTIVAL IN 1621
In 1621, from the month of May of their first year to November, the prospects of the Pilgrim colony became gradually more encouraging: The first summer’s provisions were gathered; summer breezes and health came to the enfeebled survivors; autumn advanced. Thus, the Pilgrims decide to declare a three-day feast at the end of 1621 to thank God and to celebrate America’s first Thanksgiving Festival.

Text:
“At length, autumn being far advanced, and their first summer’s harvest of Indian corn being gathered in, they fitted their houses, and made their arrangements against the coming winter. And now, while some were employed in service abroad, and some in fishing, to furnish for each family a goodly supply, others again were engaged in hunting, procuring, among other game, water fowl, wild turkey, and venison. Of meal, or Indian corn, one peck a week for each person was the apportioned supply. Of other meal, or wheat, they had none; nor had they any mill for grinding; therefore their corn must be pounded or mashed by their own hands. Yet even this supply, being deemed sufficient for the present colonists, caused some of them to write home to their friends, in England, in more glowing terms than was prudent or warrantable. The effect was, that these descriptions of plenty induced subsequent emigrants to come without bringing with them their needful stores.

The provision for the little colony being secured for the ensuing winter, their governor set apart a day for public thanksgiving. Accordingly, with the fruits of their labors, the thankful feast was prepared, that all might in a special manner rejoice together, under a grateful sense of these tokens of divine mercy. It was their first thanksgiving or harvest festival in the New World. And we may well conjecture what were the feelings, and what the theme of the Elder, as, assembled in their “Common House,” he led the devotions of these worshippers, and spoke to them words befitting the occasion.

The occasion was likewise improved, as a fit time, to interest and favorably influence the neighboring Indians. “Among other recreations,” says Winslow, ” we exercised our arms; many of the Indians coming amongst us, and with them came their greatest King, Massasoit, accompanied by some ninety men, whom for three days we entertained and feasted. They also went out and killed five deer, which they brought to the plantation, and bestowed on our governor, and upon the captain and others. And though it be not always so plentiful as it was at this time with us, yet, by the goodness of God, we are so far from want that we often wish our friends partakers with us.”

Thus are we brought to the conclusion of the first year’s trials, hardships, and sufferings of the pilgrim company, with the loss of life, and the present temporary relief.”

Source: Ashbel Steele, Chief of the Pilgrims: Or the Life and Time of William Brewster (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co, 1857), pp. 269-270.

MORE
More on the Pilgrims and God
– More digitized documents of the Pilgrims in Plymouth, Massachusetts via State Library of Massachusetts.

Posted in History/ Heritage, Religion | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Thanksgiving: Pilgrims Wrote how They Failed with Communism; Triumphed with Private Property

Posted by FactReal on November 21, 2018


The Pilgrims failed with communal ownership required by their investors in London. The Pilgrims succeeded until they instituted private property.
The Pilgrims’ venture to the New World was financed by an investment syndicate in London that required the Pilgrims to put everything into a “common pool” which after seven years would be divided equally between investors and Pilgrims. The investors thought this “common wealth” contract condition would increase their probability of collecting their dues by pressuring the Pilgrims to work for “everyone” instead of working for their own private properties.

However, once this “communal ownership” was put into practice, it did not increase productivity or community participation. Quite the contrary. This form of communism demoralized the Pilgrims, and gave rise to new problems (i.e., unwillingness to work, confusion, discontent, loss of mutual respect, etc.) — typical of societies that adopt communism/socialism.

In brief, the Pilgrims experienced the failure of communal property and decided to replace it with private property, which allowed the colony to finally flourish.

This drastic change was recorded by William Bradford, the second governor of Plymouth, in his journal Of Plymouth Plantation. Bradford also criticized Plato’s utopianism where private property would be abolished and citizens would be “guided” by elitists.
(Click images to enlarge them) (Scroll down for transcription)

Pilgrim Governor William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation, 1623:

Modern transcription:

All this while no supply was heard of, neither knew they when they might expect any. So they began to think how they might raise as much corn as they could, and obtain a better crop than they had done, that they might not still thus languish in misery. At length, after much debate of things, the Governor (with the advice of the chiefest amongst them) gave way that they should set corn every man for his own particular, and in that regard trust to themselves; in all other things to go on in the general way as before. And so assigned to every family a parcel of land, according to the proportion of their number, for that end, only for present use (but made no division for inheritance) and ranged all boys and youth under some family. This had very good success, for it made all hands very industrious, so as much more corn was planted than otherwise would have been by any means the Governor or any other could use, and saved him a great deal of trouble, and gave far better content. The women now went willingly into the field, and took their little ones with them to set corn; which before would allege weakness and inability; whom to have compelled would have been thought great tyranny and oppression.

The experience that was had in this common course and condition, tried sundry years and that amongst godly and sober men, may well evince the vanity of that conceit of Plato’s and other ancients applauded by some of later times; that the taking away of property and bringing in community into a commonwealth would make them happy and flourishing; as if they were wiser than God. For this community (so far as it was) was found to breed much confusion and discontent and retard much employment that would have been to their benefit and comfort. For the young men, that were most able and fit for labour and service, did repine that they should spend their time and strength to work for other men’s wives and children without any recompense. The strong, or man of parts, had no more in division of victuals and clothes than he that was weak and not able to do a quarter the other could; this was thought injustice. The aged and graver men to be ranked and equalized in labours and victuals, clothes, etc., with the meaner and younger sort, thought it some indignity and disrespect unto them. And for men’s wives to be commanded to do service for other men, as dressing their meat, washing their clothes, etc., they deemed it a kind of slavery, neither could many husbands well brook it. Upon the point all being to have alike, and all to do alike, they thought themselves in the like condition, and one as good as another; and so, if it did not cut off those relations that God hath set amongst men, yet it did at least much diminish and take off the mutual respects that should be preserved amongst them. And would have been worse if they had been men of another condition. Let none object this is men’s corruption, and nothing to the course itself. I answer, seeing all men have this corruption in them, God in His wisdom saw another course fitter for them.

RELATED
True Story of Thanksgiving: Thanking God and How Socialism Failed
THANKSGIVING – As Written by the Pilgrims: The Mayflower Compact, the Pilgrim journals, etc.
Pilgrims Set First Thanksgiving Day to Thank God (1621)

Posted in Communism, History/ Heritage, Religion | Tagged: , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Who is this Jesus: Is He Risen? (Documentary)

Posted by FactReal on April 16, 2017

Looking at the Evidence as we Celebrate this Easter
Abstract[1]:
This documentary looks at the evidence for the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Hosted by the late Dr. D. James Kennedy and Dean Jones.

Part 1:

Part 2:

[1] D. James Kenndy Ministries (Coral Ridge Ministries):
https://djameskennedy.org/

RELATED
Josephus (Non-Christian Historian) Wrote about Crucifixions
Josephus (Non-Christian Historian) Wrote about Jesus Christ
Lucian (Ancient Anti-Christian Satirist) Wrote about Jesus Christ and His Crucifixion
Tacitus (Non-Christian Historian) Wrote about Jesus Christ
Resurrection of Jesus Proven by these Ancient Writers
Resurrection of Jesus Proven by Logic
Resurrection of Jesus: Facts and Evidence (Video)
Ancient Writers Prove Jesus Is Not a Myth
The Case for Christ (video)

Posted in History/ Heritage, Religion | Tagged: , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

The Case for Christ (video)

Posted by FactReal on April 12, 2017

Looking for the Truth
Abstract[1]: “A SEASONED JOURNALIST CHASES DOWN THE BIGGEST STORY IN HISTORY –
Is there credible evidence that Jesus of Nazareth really is the Son of God? Retracing his own spiritual journey from atheism to faith, Lee Strobel, former legal editor of the Chicago Tribune, cross-examines a dozen experts with doctorates who are specialists in the areas of old manuscripts, textual criticism, and biblical studies. Strobel challenges them with questions like; How reliable is the New Testament? Does evidence for Jesus exist outside the Bible? Is there any reason to believe the resurrection was an actual event? Strobel’s tough, point-blank questions…It is a riveting quest for the truth about history s most compelling figure. What will your verdict be in The Case for Christ?”

Book:
[1] The Case for Christ: A Journalist’s Personal Investigation of the Evidence for Jesus
#https://www.amazon.com/Case-Christ-Journalists-Personal-Investigation/dp/0310339308

RELATED:
Ancient Writers Provided the Historical Facts of Jesus’ Resurrection
Ancient Writers Proved Jesus is Not a Myth

EASTER:
HOLY THURSDAY: Jesus’ Last Supper
GOOD FRIDAY: Way of the Cross (Vía Crucis)

Posted in History/ Heritage, Religion | Tagged: , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

GOOD FRIDAY: Way of the Cross (Vía Crucis)

Posted by FactReal on March 29, 2013

STATIONS OF THE CROSS (Also called Vía Crucis or Via Dolorosa)
The purpose of the 14 Stations of the Cross is to help the faithful to make a spiritual pilgrimage to the main scenes of Christ’s sufferings and death. This has become one of the most popular of Catholic devotions. It is carried out by passing from Station to Station, with certain prayers at each and devout meditation on the various incidents in turn.

A series of pictures or tableaux represent certain scenes in the Passion of Christ, each corresponding to a particular incident, or the special form of devotion connected with such representations. Formerly their number varied considerably in different places but 14 are now prescribed:

JesusViaCrucis
Station 1: Jesus is condemned to death
Station 2: Jesus takes up the Cross
Station 3: Jesus falls for the first time
Station 4: Jesus meets His Mother
Station 5: Simon of Cyrene helps Jesus to carry the Cross
Station 6: Veronica wipes the face of Jesus
Station 7: Jesus falls for the second time
Station 8: Jesus meets the women of Jerusalem who weep for him
Station 9: Jesus falls for the third time under the weight of the Cross
Station 10: Jesus is stripped of His garments
Station 11: Jesus is nailed to the Cross
Station 12: Jesus dies on the Cross
Station 13: Jesus is taken down from the Cross and given to his Mother
Station 14: Jesus is laid in the tomb
Meditation and verses via the Vatican.

Sources: Vatican, EWTN, New Advent.

Posted in Religion | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

EASTER 2013: Daily Bible Readings

Posted by FactReal on March 29, 2013

HOLY THURSDAY
Scripture:

  • First Reading: Exodus 12:1-8, 11-14
  • Second Reading: 1 Corinthians 11:23-26
  • Gospel: John 13:1-15

GOOD FRIDAY
Scripture:

  • First Reading: Isaiah 52:13-53:12
  • Second Reading: Hebrews 4:14-16; 5:7-9
  • St. John Passion: 18:1-19:42

EASTER VIGIL (Holy Saturday)
Scripture:

  • First Reading: Genesis 1:1-2:2
  • Second Reading: Genesis 22:1-18
  • Third Reading: Exodus 14:15-15:1
  • Fourth Reading: Isaiah 54:5-14
  • Fifth Reading: Isaiah 55:1-11
  • Sixth Reading: Baruch 3:9-15, 32-4:4
  • Seventh Reading: Ezekiel 36:16-17a, 18-28
  • Epistle: Romans 6:3-11
  • Gospel: Luke 24:1-12 (Different from year 2012)

EASTER SUNDAY (Resurrection of Jesus)
Scripture:

  • First Reading: Acts 10:34a, 37-43
  • Second Reading: Colossians 3:1-4
  • Gospel: John 20:1-9

(Hat tip: USCCB, Todd von Kampen)

HOLY WEEK & EASTER
HOLY THURSDAY: Jesus’ Last Supper
GOOD FRIDAY: The Passion — Jesus’ Trial and Death
HOLY SATURDAY: Awaiting Jesus’ Resurrection
EASTER SUNDAY: The Resurrection of Jesus
RELATED
Resurrection of Jesus Proven by Early Non-Christian Writers
Resurrection of Jesus Proven by Logic
Resurrection of Jesus: Facts and Evidence (Video)
Ancient Writers Prove Jesus Is Not a Myth
The Absurdity of Not Believing the Disciples Account of Jesus Resurrection
THE REAL THANKSGIVING STORY – As Written by the Pilgrims
CHURCH & STATE SEPARATION IS A MYTH

Posted in Religion | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »